A Guide to the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT)

The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) plays an essential part in the industrial operations process by collecting and analyzing data from sensors and devices. This data helps to then optimize the industrial process by improving maintenance capabilities. 

Are you an industrial operator in California looking to enhance and automate your processes? Do you need help determining what role the IIoT plays in the automation process? If so, you will want to read this short guide to the basics of IIoT from the experts at Access Industrial Automation

We will explain what the Industrial Internet of Things is, how it’s used, its benefits, and also what to consider when using it. Keep reading to grow your understanding of all things IIoT.

What is IIoT?

The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) is the use of interconnected sensors, machines, and other devices to enable the exchange of data within an industrial setting. The IIoT collects, monitors, and analyzes data gained from these interconnected devices to create smarter industrial ecosystems. 

Key Components of IIoT

Some of the key components of IIoT are sensors and actuators, smart machines, communications infrastructure, and data analytics. Without these key components, the IIoT couldn’t provide the industrial process without the crucial data it does. 

We will discuss these key components in more detail below. 

Sensors and Actuators

Sensors are used to collect physical data, such as motion, temperature, or pressure, which then go to the control system. From there, the control system signals the actuator to perform an action depending on the data given by the sensors. 

Connectivity Protocols 

Connectivity protocols are used for transferring data across the IIoT ecosystem and can be provided by wired or wireless connections. Different protocols are used for different processes, but they should all be secure and up to industry standards. 

Some of the most common connectivity protocols used in IIoT are MQ Telemetry Transport (MQTT) and Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP). Through these connectivity protocols, the IIoT system can communicate data messages securely. 

Processing and Data Analysis Tools

Processing and analysis tools like edge and cloud computing and software applications that analyze and interpret data are a key part of the IIoT ecosystem. Through sophisticated data analytics, IIoT can help industrial automated systems reach their full potential. 

Edge computing is when data is processed at a network’s edge, as in at the sensors themselves. They can be sent to an edge server, which will store and process data locally before sending the rest to a cloud server. 

A cloud server offers a more in-depth and advanced approach to processing and can store data from several different locations. A cloud server will generally have an on-site hub that provides remote connectivity between systems and a user interface for access. 

How is IIoT applied in industries?

The IIoT ecosystem is applied in all kinds of industries that offer automated processes. Here is a list of some of the industries that IIoT is used in: 

  • Manufacturing
  • Automotive
  • Healthcare
  • Agriculture
  • Construction
  • Oil and gas

When IIoT is applied in these industries, it becomes easier to optimize supply chains, handle heavy machinery, predict maintenance, and keep track of many different moving parts and components. This optimization leads to many other benefits as well. 

The Benefits of IIoT

There are many benefits to implementing IIoT, such as increased operational efficiency, cost reduction, and more. We will discuss these benefits in further detail below. 

  • Increased Operational Efficiency: By collecting and analyzing data, IIoT can help improve the efficiency of industrial processes and reduce downtime. 
  • Cost Reduction: IIoT can help avoid costly damages to machinery by predicting maintenance needs and making note of any potential disrepair. 
  • Improved Decision-Making: Through the high-quality data that is collected and processed by IIoT, industries can improve their decision-making process and have a more efficient approach to resolving issues. 
  • Enhanced Safety: IIoT provides a safer environment by collecting any data that would point to a potentially dangerous issue or hazard. Once this data has been processed, systems can be shut down and fixed before employees are put further at risk.
  • Reduces Energy Waste: Through consistent data collection and monitoring, IIoT can help reduce energy waste by pointing out any energy inefficiencies in your process. Industrial operations can produce large amounts of energy, and saving energy where you can is a significant advantage. 

Industrial Automation Services in California

Access Industrial Automation (AIA) offers high-quality industrial automation services that can be tailored to your specific needs in multiple locations throughout central California. We can help you better understand how the IIoT can be used to improve your industry. 

At Access Industrial Automation, we provide a thorough solution for your unique industry process. Choose from our variety of services, including system integration, PLC programming, and SCADA and HMI design. 

All of our services are performed by a team of experienced automation engineers and program managers with excellent workmanship. Get started on moving your business into the future and contact Access Industrial Automation today online or by calling (209)-577-1491. 

Frequently Asked Questions: 

What are some examples of practical applications of IIoT?

A practical application of IIoT is found in the healthcare field, where clinics and hospitals use this technology to collect patient data, streamline operation processes, and reduce human error.

What are some of the key components of IIoT? 

Some of the key components in the Industrial Internet of Things ecosystem are smart devices, communications infrastructure, data analysis, and sensors and actuators. Without these crucial components, the IIoT couldn’t do its job as needed. 

How does the Industrial Internet of Things improve the industrial process? 

The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) improves the industrial process by collecting, monitoring, and analyzing data which can be used to boost efficiency in the industrial process. Industries that automate their processes will find that IIoT greatly enhances their processes. 

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